Pharmacognostic and Phytochemical Analysis of Agnimantha (Premna corymbosa Rottl.) Leaf

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Journal of Ayurveda Medical Sciences J,2016,1,2,80-85.
Published:October 2016
Type:Original Article
Author(s) affiliations:

Rini Sam Susan1*, Harini A2, Sunil Kumar KN3, Prakash L Hegde4

1PG Scholar, 2Associate Professor, 4Professor, Department of Dravyaguna, Sri Dharmasthala Manjunatheswara College of Ayurveda, Hassan, Karnataka, 573201.

3SDM Centre for Research in Ayurveda and Allied Sciences,Laxminarayana Nagar, Kuthpadi, Udupi, INDIA 574 118; Current: Research Officer and HOD, Department of Pharmacognosy, Siddha Central Research Institute, Arumbakkam, Chennai, India 600106.


Introduction: Agnimantha (Premna corymbosa Rottl.) Family Verbinaceae, a very important plant has been in use since Vedic times. It occurs throughout India, in the plains, as a large perennial shrub, growing to a height of 9 to 10 m. It is one among the combination drugs i.e. Brhatpanchamoola (Great 5 root drugs) and of Dasamoola (10 root drugs). Its leaves are used as expectorant in asthma, bronchitis, cold, catarrh and fever. In this work an attempt was done to establish pharmacognostic and preliminary phytochemical standards of leaves including HPTLC. Methods: Pharmacognostical parameters for the leaves of P. corymbosa was performed using parameters like macromorphology, microscopy, physico-chemical constants and phytochemical screening were done using standard methodology. Results: The leaves showed presence of tannins and flavanoids. HPTLC densitometric scan showed twelve chemical components at 254nm, nine at 366nm and ten at 620nm. Conclusion: The present study will serve as a standard for the identity of Premna corymbosa Rottl leaves.