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Assessment of Nutritional Status and Dietary Risk Factor for Malnutrition in Adolescent of Jamnagar District

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Abstract
Journal of Ayurveda Medical Sciences,2018,3,2,369-376.
Published:October 2018
Type:Original Article
Authors:
Author(s) affiliations:

Hetalben Amin*, Hitesh Vyas1, Mahesh Vyas2

Central Ayurvedic Research Institute of Drug Development (CCRAS, Ministry of AYUSH, Govt of India), 4-CN block, Sector-5, Bidhannagar, Kolkata 700091. 1Department of Basic Principles, IPGT & RA, Gujarat Ayurved University, Jamnagar 361008. 2Department of Rasa Shastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana, All India Institute of Ayurveda, Sarita Vihar, New Delhi 110076, India.

Abstract:

Introduction: Adolescence is a period of crest growth for boys and girls. Nutritional requirements in relation to age are more during adolescence. The nutritional status which is often poor during early life gets worsened as the adolescent growth spurts happened. The common causes of malnutrition among adolescents in the poor community may be of less access to food and inadequate knowledge about dietary requirements. No study has been conducted on adolescent of particular Jamnagar district to determine their nutrient intake and nutritional status. The present study was conducted to fill this gap in the knowledge. Methods: Adolescent between age group of 16-25 years who has lived in Jamnagar for at least 5 years was considered eligible to be enrolled for the study from the surrounding area of Jamnagar district with problem of poor weight, poor growth, lean and thin body complains were taken for study. After taking a complete history emphasizing on milestones and dietetic history this problem is selected for present study. Results: 58.00 % of patients were taking fermented items in food, 60.00 % of patients had to take food in poor quantity, 29.00 % of patients had taking food in moderate quantity, it can be conclude in this regards that poor quantity of food may ultimately leads to malnutrition. Conclusion: This may be due to tense life of studying, away from parents, exposure to sunlight, much activeness, faulty food habits which are leading to malnutritionin that particular age group. Therefore, lack of proper nourishment most of the poor adolescents are more effected to malnutrition.